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Geography and climate

Luang Prabang remained the capital of the kingdom until 1545, when it lost its capital and administrative status to Wieng Chan, now Vientiane.

Luang Prabang is situated in the centre of northern Laos, bordering provinces of Oudomxay, PhongsalyLaos-tour--Travel--Vacation and Houaphanh to the north, Vientiane and Sayabouly to the south and southwest and Xiengkhouang to the east.

Total area: 16,875 square kilometers.
The royal palace, however, remained in Luang Prabang and the city continued to be the country’s monarchic powerhouse until the communist takeover of 1975.
Luang Prabang’s climate is characterised by dry and rainy seasons. The rainy season runs from June to October, when heavy rains can be expected most days. Despite the rains, temperatures throughout this season remain high at about 25°C to 30°C. This is one of the least favoured times to visit Luang Prabang as many of the city’s unpaved roads become unusable. Despite this, there are plenty of sunny patches and the vegetation is altogether lusher and more pleasant. If you arrive during the wet months, make sure you take advantage of the nearby waterfalls, which are at their best during this season.
 
The climate is drier from October to February, when temperatures are at their lowest. This is one of the best times to visit Luang Prabang, but visitors should come prepared for cool nights, when temperatures can drop to 15°C or lower. During the afternoons, sunshine is common.
 
Temperature rise in March, April, May and June, the hottest months of the year. There is typically no rain during these months and the city takes on a lethargic nature. Locals commonly nap in the afternoon when the heat it at its peak, and visitors may find sightseeing in temperatures of around 40°C. It is best to follow the locals and get up early, then rest in the afternoon until the temperature drops.